Spatial distribution of fossil fuel derived CO2 over India using radiocarbon measurements in crop plants

Sundeep Chopra , Rajveer Sharma , Ravi Kumar Kunchala , Sunil Ojha , Pankaj Kumar , Satinath Gargari


Received July 13, 2021,Revised , Accepted November 02, 2021, Available online February 01, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 19-30

Examining the contribution of fossil fuel CO2 to the total CO2 changes in the atmosphere is of primary concern due to its alarming levels of fossil fuel emissions over the globe, specifically developing countries. Atmospheric radiocarbon represents an important observational constraint and utilized to trace fossil fuel derived CO2 (CO2ff) in the atmosphere. For the first time, we have presented a detailed analysis on the spatial distribution of fossil fuel derived CO2 (CO2ff) over India using radiocarbon (Δ14C) measurements during three-year period. Analysis shows that the Δ14C values are varying between 29.33‰ to -34.06‰ across India in the year 2017, where highest value belongs to a location from Gujarat while lowest value belongs to a location from Chhattisgarh. Based on the Δ14C patterns, spatial distributions of CO2ff mole fractions have been determined over India and the calculated values of CO2ff mole fractions are varying between 4.85 ppm to 26.59 ppm across India. It is also noticed that the highest CO2ff mole fraction is observed as 26.59 ppm from a site in Chhattisgarh. CO2ff mole fraction values from four high altitude sites are found to be varied between 4.85 ppm to 14.87 ppm. Effect of sampling different crop plants from the same growing season and different crop plant organs (grains, leaves, stems) on the Δ14C and CO2ff have been studied. Annual and intra seasonal variations in the Δ14C and CO2ff mole fractions have also been analyzed from a rural location (Dholpur, Rajasthan).

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