Vertical aerosol data assimilation technology and application based on satellite and ground lidar: A review and outlook

Zifa Wang , Ting Yang , Hongyi Li , Haibo Wang , Youwen Sun , Xi Chen , Futing Wang , Lei Xu


Received February 04, 2022,Revised , Accepted April 08, 2022, Available online April 19, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 292-305

Observations and numerical models are mainly used to investigate the spatiotemporal distribution and vertical structure characteristics of aerosols to understand aerosol pollution and its effects. However, the limitations of observations and the uncertainties of numerical models bias aerosol calculations and predictions. Data assimilation combines observations and numerical models to improve the accuracy of the initial, analytical fields of models and promote the development of atmospheric aerosol pollution research. Numerous studies have been conducted to integrate multi-source data, such as aerosol optical depth and aerosol extinction coefficient profile, into various chemical transport models using various data assimilation algorithms and have achieved good assimilation results. The definition of data assimilation and the main algorithms will be briefly presented, and the progress of aerosol assimilation according to two types of aerosol data, namely, aerosol optical depth and extinction coefficient, will be presented. The application of vertical aerosol data assimilation, as well as the future trends and challenges of aerosol data assimilation, will be further analysed.

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