Highly efficient ozone elimination by metal doped ultra-fine Cu2O nanoparticles

Yunfa Chen , Anqi Wang , Le Zhang , Jian Guan , Xiaoze Wang , Guojun Ma , Guijun Fan , Hang Wang , Ning Han


Received January 29, 2022,Revised , Accepted June 07, 2022, Available online June 17, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 108-116

Nowadays, ozone contamination becomes dominant in air and thus challenges the research and development of cost-effective catalyst. In this study, metal doped Cu2O catalysts are synthesized via reduction of Cu2+ by ascorbic acid in base solutions containing doping metal ions. The results show that compared with pure Cu2O, the Mg2+ and Fe2+ dopants enhance the O3 removal efficiency while Ni2+ depresses the activity. In specific, Mg-Cu2O shows high O3 removal efficiency of 88.4% in harsh environment of 600,000 mL/(g·hr) space velocity and 1500 ppmV O3, which is one of the highest in the literature. Photoluminescence and electron paramagnetic spectroscopy characterization shows higher concentration of crystal defects induced by the Mg2+ dopants, favoring the O3 degradation. The in-situ diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy shows the intermediate species in the O3 degradation process change from O22− dominant of pure Cu2O to O2 dominant of Mg-Cu2O, which would contribute to the high activity. All these results show the promising prospect of the Mg-Cu2O for highly efficiency O3 removal.

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