Catalytic degradation of benzene over non-thermal plasma coupled Co-Ni binary metal oxide nanosheet catalysts

Wenfeng Shangguan , Zhi Jiang , Dongxu Fang , Yuting Liang , Yaoyu He , Hisahiro Einaga


Received June 26, 2022,Revised , Accepted September 20, 2022, Available online September 27, 2022

Volume 35,2023,Pages 1-11

Non-thermal plasma (NTP) has been demonstrated as one of the promising technologies that can degrade volatile organic compounds (VOCs) under ambient condition. However, one of the key challenges of VOCs degradation in NTP is its relatively low mineralization rate, which needs to be addressed by introducing catalysts. Therefore, the design and optimization of catalysts have become the focus of NTP coupling catalysis research. In this work, a series of two-dimensional nanosheet Co-Ni metal oxides were synthesized by microwave method and investigated for the catalytic oxidation of benzene in an NTP-catalysis coupling system. Among them, Co2Ni1Ox achieves 60% carbon dioxide (CO2) selectivity (SCO2) when the benzene removal efficiency (REbenzene) reaches more than 99%, which is a significant enhancement compared with the CO2 selectivity obtained without any catalysts (38%) under the same input power. More intriguingly, this SCO2 is also significantly higher than that of single metal oxides, NiO or Co3O4, which is only around 40%. Such improved performance of this binary metal oxide catalyst is uniquely attributed to the synergistic effects of Co and Ni in Co2Ni1Ox catalyst. The introduction of Co2Ni1Ox was found to promote the generation of acrolein significantly, one of the key intermediates found in NTP alone system reported previously, suggest the benzene ring open reaction is promoted. Compared with monometallic oxides NiO and Co3O4, Co2Ni1Ox also shows higher active oxygen proportion, better oxygen mobility, and stronger low-temperature redox capability. The above factors result in the improved catalytic performance of Co2Ni1Ox in the NTP coupling removal of benzene.

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