Recent Published Articles

Interface sites on vanadia-based catalysts are highly active for NOx removal under realistic conditions

Hong He , Zhihui Lv , Guangzhi He , Wenshuo Zhang , Jingjing Liu , Zhihua Lian , Yang Yang , Zidi Yan , Guangyan Xu , Wenpo Shan , Yunbo Yu


Received September 14, 2022,Revised , Accepted October 07, 2022, Available online October 23, 2022

Volume 36,2024,Pages 523-536

TiO2-supported V2O5 catalysts are commonly used in NOx reduction with ammonia due to their robust catalytic performance. Over these catalysts, it is generally considered that the active species are mainly derived from the vanadia species rather than the intrinsic structure of V-O-Ti entities, namely the interface sites. To reveal the role of V-O-Ti entities in NH3-SCR, herein, we prepared TiO2/V2O5 catalysts and demonstrated that V-O-Ti entities were more active for NOx reduction under wet conditions than the V sites (V=O) working alone. On the V-O-Ti entities, kinetic measurements and first principles calculations revealed that NH3 activation exhibited a much lower energy barrier than that on V=O sites. Under wet conditions, the V-O-Ti interface significantly inhibited the transformation of V=O to V-OH sites thus benefiting NH3 activation. Under wet conditions, meanwhile, the migration of NH4+ from Ti site neighboring the V-O-Ti interface to Ti site of the V-O-Ti interface was exothermic; thus, V-O-Ti entities together with neighboring Ti sites could serve as channels linking NH3 pool and active centers for activation of NH4+. This finding reveals that the V-O-Ti interface sites on V-based catalysts play a crucial role in NOx removal under realistic conditions, providing a new perspective on NH3-SCR mechanism.

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