Simultaneous degradation of sulfadiazine and dissolved organic matter based on low‐impact development facilities

Yingying Kou , Donghai Yuan , Siyu Xiong , Chenling Yan , Linxiao Zhai , Yanqi Cui


Received August 01, 2022,Revised , Accepted October 09, 2022, Available online October 19, 2022

Volume 130,2023,Pages 223-233

Sulfadiazine (SD) is a common antibiotic administered to treat bacterial infections in livestock, and its fate and migration are greatly affected by dissolved organic matter (DOM). The soil infiltration system [a typical low-impact development (LID) facility] can significantly alter DOM properties during runoff pollution, thus affecting the complexation of SD with DOM. Here, the binding characteristics of different DOM components and SD in the soil infiltration system were explored using spectroscopic techniques (excitation–emission matrices, parallel factor analysis, and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy). Combined with the weakening of DOM fluorescence intensity and 78.63% reduction in mean SD concentration following treatment, synchronous degradation may have occurred. The binding sequence of SD and DOM fluorophores was further explored using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy. Effluent DOM showed greater sensitivity to SD and more binding sites than influent DOM. Moreover, hydrophobic protein-like substances exhibited higher log KM values than other fluorescent components, indicating that protein-like components play significant roles in SD complexation. The soil percolation system improved the complexation stability and binding sequence of fulvic-like substances. Thus, SD–DOM can be intercepted and degraded using LID facilities to reduce the risk of SD in aquatic environments.

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