Recent Published Articles

Degradation of iopamidol in the permanganate/sulfite process: Evolution of iodine species and effect on the subsequent formation of disinfection by-products

Xiaohong Guan , Yimin Lin , Hongyu Dong , Yating Zhu , Gongming Zhou , Junlian Qiao


Received October 05, 2022,Revised , Accepted November 27, 2022, Available online December 06, 2022

Volume 36,2024,Pages 345-352

Permanganate/sulfite (Mn(VII)/S(IV)) process is a promising pre-oxidation technology for sequestering the emerging organic contaminants in drinking water treatment plant. Iopamidol (IPM), a representative of iodinated X-ray contrast media, has been widely detected in water sources and has the risk of forming iodinated disinfection byproducts (I-DBPs) in water treatment system. In this study, we investigated the evolution of iodine species during the IPM degradation by the Mn(VII)/S(IV) process and its effect on the subsequent formation of I-DBPs during chlorination at pH 7.0 and 8.0. IPM could be effectively degraded in the Mn(VII)/S(IV) process at environmentally relevant pH (pH 7.0 and 8.0). The results of quenching and competitive oxidation kinetic experiments revealed that SO4·– was the major reactive oxidizing species contributing to the degradation of IPM whereas the contributions of HO· and reactive manganese species were negligible in the Mn(VII)/S(IV) process. I and IO3 were generated while no HOI was detected during the degradation of IPM in the Mn(VII)/S(IV) process. The effects of IPM oxidation by Mn(VII)/S(IV) on the subsequent formation of chlorinated disinfection by-products (Cl-DBPs) during chlorination were related to the category of Cl-DBPs. The pre-oxidation of IPM by Mn(VII)/S(IV) resulted in the generation of I-DBPs during the disinfection process although no I-DBPs were detected if no pre-oxidation was applied. The finding of this study suggested that attention should be paid to the toxicity of DBPs when water containing iodinated organic contaminants is treated by Mn(VII)/S(IV) process or other pre-oxidation technologies.

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