Recent Published Articles

Insights into the mechanism of multiple Cu-doped CoFe2O4 nanocatalyst activated peroxymonosulfate for efficient degradation of Rhodamine B


Xiaoping Zhang , Yuanmin Mo

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2022.12.003

Received September 12, 2022,Revised , Accepted December 02, 2022, Available online December 12, 2022

Volume 36,2024,Pages 382-394

The multiple metal catalyst as a promising nanomaterial has shown excellent activity in the peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation for pollutant degradation. However, the role of special sites and in-depth understanding of the PMS activation mechanism are not fully studied. In this study, a Cu-doped CoFe2O4 nanocatalyst (0.5CCF) was synthesized by a sol-gel and calcination method, and used for PMS activation to remove Rhodamine B (RhB). The results showed that the Cu doping obviously enhanced the catalytic performance of CoFe2O4, with 99.70% of RhB removed by 0.5CCF while 74.91% in the CoFe2O4 within 15 min. Based on the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrochemical analysis, this could be ascribed to the more low valence of Co and Fe species generated on the 0.5CCF and faster electron transfers occurred in the 0.5CCF due to the Cu doping. In addition, Cu doping could provide more reaction sites for the 0.5CCF to activate PMS for RhB removal. The metal species and the surface hydroxyl were the reaction sites of PMS activation, and the surface hydroxyl played an important role in surface-bound reactive species generation. During the PMS activation, the Cu not only activated PMS to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), but also regenerated Co2+ and Fe2+ to accelerate the PMS activation. The non-radical of 1O2 was the main ROS with a 99.35% of contribution rate, and the SO5•– self-reaction was its major source. This study provides a new insight to enhance the PMS activation performance of multiple metal catalysts by Cu doping in wastewater treatment.

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