Recent Published Articles

Enhancement of heavy metals desorption from the soil by eddy deep leaching in hydrocyclone

Qiang Yang , Ning Wang , Hao Lu , Bo Liu , Tai Xiong , Jianping Li , Hualin Wang


Received September 13, 2022,Revised , Accepted December 04, 2022, Available online December 13, 2022

Volume 36,2024,Pages 242-251

An eddy deep leaching technology was developed in this paper to address the challenge of treating heavy metal contaminants in industrial mining areas. The desorption effect of As, Cd, Sb and Pb was investigated utilizing chemical leaching and physical eddy techniques. It was found that the heavy metals concentration increased with decreasing particle size. The highest proportion of Cd in the form distribution of soil was in the bound to iron and manganese oxides, while the maximum proportion of As, Sb and Pb were in the residual. The optimal solid-liquid ratio of the hydrocyclone was 1:20, and the corresponding separation efficiency and flow rate were 84.7% and 1.76 m3/hr, respectively. The grade efficiency of soil particle separation increases with particle size and exceeds 99% for particles above 1,000 µm. Leaching experiments have revealed that oxalic acid (OA) and a combination of oxalic acid and EDTA (OAPE) were more efficient than citric acid (CA) and a combination of citric acid and EDTA (CAPE) for the desorption of heavy metals, respectively. The comparison of OAPE and eddy leaching found that the latter improved the desorption efficiency by 9.4%, 7.5%, 7.2% and 7.8% for As, Cd, Sb and Pb compared to the former, respectively. The results demonstrated that the eddy leaching technique could further enhance the desorption efficiency of heavy metals. It is expected to provide technical support for soil remediation with reduced usage of leaching agents.

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