Recent Published Articles

Prediction model on hydrolysis kinetics of phthalate monoester: A density functional theory study


Shuangjiang Li , Tong Xu , Jingwen Chen , Deming Xia , Weihao Tang , Jiansheng Cui , Chun Liu

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2022.12.011

Received September 29, 2022,Revised , Accepted December 11, 2022, Available online December 17, 2022

Volume 36,2024,Pages 51-58

As primary degradation products of phthalate esters, phthalate monoesters (MPEs) have been widely detected in various aquatic environments and drawn growing toxicological concerns. Hydrolysis kinetics that is of importance for assessing environmental persistence of chemicals remain elusive for MPEs. Herein, kinetics of base-catalyzed and neutral hydrolysis for 18 MPEs with different leaving groups was investigated by density functional theory calculation. Results indicate that MPEs with leaving groups having pKa of <10 prefer dissociative transition states. MPEs are more persistent than their parents, and their hydrolysis half-lives were calculated to vary from 3.4 min to 79.2 years (pH = 7–9). A quantitative structure-activity relationship model was developed for predicting the hydrolysis kinetics parameters. It was found that pKa of the leaving groups and electronegativity of the MPEs are key factors determining the hydrolysis kinetics. This work may lay a theoretical foundation for better understanding the chemical process that governs MPE persistence in aquatic environments.

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