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Low-temperature NH3-SCR performance of a novel Chlorella@Mn composite denitrification catalyst

Yuansong Zhou , Hengheng Liu , Fengyu Gao , Songjin Ko , Ning Luo , Xiaolong Tang , Erhong Duan , Honghong Yi


Received September 18, 2022,Revised , Accepted December 10, 2022, Available online December 20, 2022

Volume 36,2024,Pages 271-286

The synthesis process of conventional Mn-based denitrification catalysts is relatively complex and expensive. In this paper, a resource application of chlorella was proposed, and a Chlorella@Mn composite denitrification catalyst was innovatively synthesized by electrostatic interaction. The Chlorella@Mn composite denitrification catalyst prepared under the optimal conditions (0.54 g/L Mn2+ concentration, 20 million chlorellas/mL concentration, 450°C calcination temperature) exhibited a well-developed pore structure and large specific surface area (122 m2/g). Compared with MnOx alone, the Chlorella@Mn composite catalyst achieved superior performance, with ∼100% NH3 selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) denitrification activity at 100-225°C. The results of NH3 temperature-programmed desorption (NH3-TPD) and H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) showed that the catalyst had strong acid sites and good redox properties. Zeta potential testing showed that the electronegativity of the chlorella cell surface could be used to enrich with Mn2+. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed that Chlorella@Mn had a high content of Mn3+ and surface chemisorbed oxygen. In-situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (in-situ DRIFTS) experimental results showed that both Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) and Eley-Rideal (E-R) mechanisms play a role in the denitrification process on the surface of the Chlorella@Mn catalyst, where the main intermediate nitrate species is monodentate nitrite. The presence of SO2 promoted the generation and strengthening of Brønsted acid sites, but also generated more sulfate species on the surface, thereby reducing the denitrification activity of the Chlorella@Mn catalyst. The Chlorella@Mn composite catalyst had the characteristics of short preparation time, simple process and low cost, making it promising for industrial application.

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