Recent Published Articles

TBBPA rather than its main derivatives enhanced growth of endometrial cancer via p53 ubiquitination

Yuxin Zheng , Hongyan Yu , Jingxu Zhang , Jing Liu , Ruonan Pan , Yu Wang , Xiaoting Jin , Rifat Zubair Ahmed


Received August 29, 2022,Revised , Accepted December 25, 2022, Available online December 30, 2022

Volume 36,2024,Pages 82-95

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and its derivatives widely exist in various environments and biota. Although the available data indicate that TBBPA exposure is highly associated with the increased incidence of endometrial cancer (EC), the effects of TBBPA and its main derivatives on EC proliferation and the involved crucial mechanism remain unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of TBBPA and its derivatives under environmental concentrations on the proliferation of EC, and the crucial mechanism on the progression of EC caused by bromine flame retardants exposure. In this research, TBBPA and two of the most common TBBPA derivatives including TBBPA bis (2-hydroxyethyl ether) (TBBPA-BHEE) and TBBPA bis (dibromopropyl ether) (TBBPA-BDBPE) were screened for their capacities in induced EC proliferation and explored the related mechanism by in vitro cell culture model and in vivo mice model. Under environmental concentrations, TBBPA promoted the proliferation of EC, the main derivatives of TBBPA (TBBPA-BHEE and TBBPA-BDBPE) did not present the similar facilitation effects. The ubiquitination degradation of p53 was crucial in TBBPA induced EC proliferation, which resulted in the increase of downstream cell cycle and decrease of apoptosis. The further molecular docking result suggested the high affinity between TBBPA and ubiquitinated proteasome. This finding revealed the effects of TBBPA and its derivatives on EC proliferation, thus providing novel insights into the underlying mechanisms of TBBPA-caused EC.

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