Recent Published Articles

Tourmaline guiding the electric field and dechlorination pathway of 2,3-dichlorophenol by Desulfitobacterium hafniense


Haoran Dong , Yue Lu , Fangyi Liang , Fanzhi Qin , Linrui Zhong , Jianhong Jiang , Qi Liu , Shoujuan Zhang , Ming Yan , Changzheng Fan

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2022.12.033

Received October 18, 2022,Revised , Accepted December 30, 2022, Available online January 05, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 262-273

The dehalogenation of organohalides has been a research hotspot in bioremediation field; however, the influence of tourmaline, a natural ore that can generate spontaneous electric field, on organohalide-respiring bacteria (OHRB) and their dechlorination process is not well known. In this study, the effect and mechanism of tourmaline on the reductive dechlorination of 2,3-dichlorophenol (2,3-DCP) by Desulfitobacterium hafniense DCB-2T were explored. The characterization results confirmed that tourmaline had good stability and the optimal dosage of tourmaline was 2.5 g/L, which shortened the total time required for dechlorination reaction to 72 hr. Besides, tourmaline amendment also increased the proportion of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) from 18% to 30% of end products, while that of 3-CP decreased correspondingly. The theoretical calculations showed that the bond charge of the ortho-substituted chlorine declined from -0.179 to -0.067, and that of meta-substituted chlorine increased from -0.111 to -0.129, which indicated that the spontaneous electric field of tourmaline affected the charge distribution of 2,3-DCP and was more conducive to the generation of 2-CP. Overall, tourmaline with the spontaneous electric field affected the reductive dechlorination pathway of Desulfitobacterium,and the tourmaline-OHRB combining system might serve as a novel strategy for the bioremediation of environments polluted with chlorinated phenols.

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