Recent Published Articles

Potential risks of organic contaminated soil after persulfate remediation: Harmful gaseous sulfur release


Cai Hui , Yuyang Long , Zixiao Wu , Xiaodong Ding , Jiansong Chen , Dongsheng Shen , Jiali Shentu

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2023.01.008

Received October 19, 2022,Revised , Accepted January 08, 2023, Available online January 16, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 1-9

Persulfate is considered a convenient and efficient remediation agent for organic contaminated soil. However, the potential risk of sulfur into the soil remediation by persulfate remains ignored. In this study, glass bottles with different persulfate dosages and groundwater tables were set up to simulate persulfate remediation of organic pollutants (aniline). The results found sulfate to be the main end-product (83.0%‒99.5%) of persulfate remediation after 10 days. Moreover, H2S accounted for 93.4%‒99.4% of sulfur reduction end-products, suggesting that H2S was the final fate of sulfur. H2S was released rapidly after one to three days at a maximum concentration of 33.0 ppm, which is sufficient to make a person uncomfortable. According to the fitted curve results, H2S concentration decreased to a safe concentration (0.15 ppm) after 20‒85 days. Meanwhile, the maximum concentration of methanethiol reached 0.6 ppm. These results indicated that secondary pollution from persulfate remediation could release harmful gases over a long time. Therefore, persulfate should be used more carefully as a remediation agent for soil contamination.

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