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Development of MoS2-stainless steel catalyst by 3D printing for efficient destruction of organics via peroxymonosulfate activation

Peng Liu , Yufeng Liu , Jianhui Xu , Xin Fu , Pengxu Wang , Dan Li , Yunfei Zhang , Shenggui Chen , Chunhui Zhang


Received December 05, 2022,Revised , Accepted January 17, 2023, Available online January 25, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 108-117

Herein, a novel MoS2-stainless steel composite material was first synthetized via a 3D printing method (3DP MoS2-SS) for peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation and organics degradation. Compared with MoS2-SS powder/PMS system (0.37 g/(m2/min)), 4.3-fold higher kFLO/SBET value was obtained in 3DP MoS2-SS/PMS system (1.60 g/(m2/min), resulting from the superior utilization of active sites. We observed that 3DP MoS2-SS significantly outperformed the 3DP SS due to the enhanced electron transfer rate and increased active sites. Moreover, Mo4+ facilitated the Fe2+/Fe3+ cycle, resulting in the rapid degradation of florfenicol (FLO). Quenching experiments and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra indicated that •OH, SO4, O2 and 1O2 were involved in the degradation of FLO. The effect of influencing factors on the degradation of FLO were evaluated, and the optimized degradation efficiency of 98.69% was achieved at 1 mM PMS and pH of 3.0. Six degradation products were detected by UPLC/MS analyses and several possible degradation pathways were proposed to be the cleavage of C-N bonds, dechlorination, hydrolysis, defluorination and hydroxylation. In addition, 3DP MoS2-SS/PMS system also demonstrated superior degradation performance for 2-chlorophenol, acetaminophen, ibuprofen and carbamazepine. This study provided deep insights into the MoS2-SS catalyst prepared by 3DP technology for PMS activation and FLO-polluted water treatment.

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