Recent Published Articles

Pre-mating nitenpyram exposure in male mice leads to depression-like behavior in offspring by affecting tryptophan metabolism in gut microbiota

Wentao Zhu , Sen Yan , Wei Sun , Sinuo Tian , Zhiyuan Meng , Jinling Diao , Zhiqiang Zhou , Li Li


Received September 08, 2022,Revised , Accepted February 07, 2023, Available online February 15, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 120-130

Several studies have confirmed that the health status of the paternal affects the health of the offspring, however, it remains unknown whether paternal exposure to pesticides affect the offspring health. Here, we used untargeted metabolomics and 16S rRNA sequencing technology, combined with tail suspension test and RT-qPCR to explore the effects of paternal exposure to nitenpyram on the neurotoxicity of offspring. Our results found that the paternal exposure to nitenpyram led to the offspring's depressive-like behaviors, accompanied by the reduction of tryptophan content and the disorder of microbial abundance in the gut of the offspring. Further, we determined the expression of tryptophan metabolism-related genes tryptophanase (tnaA) and tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TpH1) in gut bacteria and colonic tissues. We found that tryptophan is metabolized to indoles rather than being absorbed into colonocytes, which coursed the reduce of tryptophan availability after nitenpyram exposure. In conclusion, our study deepens our understanding of the intergenerational toxic effects of pesticides.

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