Recent Published Articles

Fundamentals and application in phytoremediation of an efficient arsenate reducing bacterium Pseudomonas putida ARS1

Yong-Guan Zhu , Ze-Wen Wang , Guang Yang , Jian Chen , Yaoyu Zhou , Avelino Núñez Delgado , Hui-Ling Cui , Gui-Lan Duan , Barry P. Rosen


Received November 28, 2022,Revised , Accepted February 13, 2023, Available online February 21, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 237-244

Arsenic is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant. Microbe-mediated arsenic bio-transformations significantly influence arsenic mobility and toxicity. Arsenic transformations by soil and aquatic organisms have been well documented, while little is known regarding effects due to endophytic bacteria. An endophyte Pseudomonas putida ARS1 was isolated from rice grown in arsenic contaminated soil. P. putida ARS1 shows high tolerance to arsenite (As(III)) and arsenate (As(V)), and exhibits efficient As(V) reduction and As(III) efflux activities. When exposed to 0.6 mg/L As(V), As(V) in the medium was completely converted to As(III) by P. putida ARS1 within 4 hr. Genome sequencing showed that P. putida ARS1 has two chromosomal arsenic resistance gene clusters (arsRCBH) that contribute to efficient As(V) reduction and As(III) efflux, and result in high resistance to arsenicals. Wolffia globosa is a strong arsenic accumulator with high potential for arsenic phytoremediation, which takes up As(III) more efficiently than As(V). Co-culture of P. putida ARS1 and W. globosa enhanced arsenic accumulation in W. globosa by 69%, and resulted in 91% removal of arsenic (at initial concentration of 0.6 mg/L As(V)) from water within 3 days. This study provides a promising strategy for in situ arsenic phytoremediation through the cooperation of plant and endophytic bacterium.

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