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Spatial heterogeneity and compositional profiles of dissolved organic matter in farmland soils across mainland China


Wenxin Liu , Bingjun Han , Liyuan Chen , Kang Xiao , Yang Liu , Dong Cao , Lu Yu , Yujun Li , Shu Tao

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2023.02.042

Received October 26, 2022,Revised , Accepted February 21, 2023, Available online March 04, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 593-603

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an essential role in many geochemical processes, however its complexity, chemical diversity, and molecular composition are poorly understood. Soil samples were collected from 500 vegetable fields in administrative regions of mainland China, of which 122 were selected for further investigation. DOM properties were characterized by three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS) (field intensity is 15 Tesla). Our results indicated that the main constituents were UVA humic-like substances, humic-like substances, fulvic acid-like substances, and tyrosine-like substances. A total of 10,989 molecular formulae with a mass range of 100.04 to 799.59 Da were detected, covering the mass spectrometric information of the soil samples from 27 different regions. CHO and CHON molecules were dominant in DOM, whereas lignin, tannins, and aromatic substances served as the main components. The results of cluster analysis revealed that the soil properties in Jiangxi Province were considerably different from those in other regions. The key backgrounds of the DOM molecular characteristics in the vegetable-field soil samples across mainland China were provided at the molecular level, with large abundance and great variability.

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