Recent Published Articles

Influence of meteorological factors on open biomass burning at a background site in Northeast China


Yuan Cheng , Yulong Wang , Linlin Liang , Wanyun Xu , Chang Liu , Hongbing Cheng , Yusi Liu , Gen Zhang , Xiaobin Xu , Dajiang Yu , Peng Wang , Qingli Song , Jiumeng Liu

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2023.02.043

Received November 22, 2022,Revised , Accepted February 22, 2023, Available online March 05, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 1-9

Biomass burning (BB) is a very important emission source that significantly adversely impacts regional air quality. BB produces a large number of primary organic aerosol (POA) and black carbon (BC). Besides, BB also provides many precursors for secondary organic aerosol (SOA) generation. In this work, the ratio of levoglucosan (LG) to organic carbon (OC) and the fire hotspots map was used to identify the open biomass burning (OBB) events, which occurred in two representative episodes, October 13 to November 30, 2020, and April 1 to April 30, 2021. The ratio of organic aerosol (OA) to reconstructed PM2.5 concentration (PM2.5*) increased with the increase of LG/OC. When LG/OC ratio is higher than 0.03, the highest OA/PM2.5* ratio can reach 80%, which means the contribution of OBB to OA is crucial. According to the ratio of LG to K+, LG to mannosan (MN) and the regional characteristics of Longfengshan, it can be determined that the crop residuals are the main fuel. The occurrence of OBB coincides with farmers’ preferred choices, i.e., burning biomass in “bright weather”. The “bright weather” refers to the meteorological conditions with high temperature, low humidity, and without rain. Meteorological factors indirectly affect regional biomass combustion pollution by influencing farmers’ active choices.

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