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Identification of high oxygen-consuming substances in stormwater drainage systems illicitly connected with sewage system


Lei Su , Chen Xu , Zuxin Xu , Wenhai Chu , Shanshan Wu , Rong Xiao

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2023.03.033

Received February 14, 2023,Revised , Accepted March 26, 2023, Available online April 05, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 132-140

The dissolved oxygen content in water is an important indicator for assessing the quality of the water environment, and maintaining a certain amount of dissolved oxygen is essential for the healthy development of the ecological environment. When a water body is anoxic, the activity of anaerobic microorganisms increases and organic matter is decomposed to produce a large number of blackening and odorizing substances, resulting in black and odorous water bodies, which is a very common and typical phenomenon in China. Presently, there is still a relatively universal occurrence of illicitly connected stormwater and sewage pipes in the urban drainage pipe network in China, which makes oxygen-consuming substances be directly discharged into rivers through stormwater pipes and consume the dissolved oxygen in the water bodies, resulting in an oxygen deficiency of the water. This induces seasonal or year-round black and stink phenomena in urban rivers. Hence, identifying high oxygen-consuming substances, which lays the foundation for the subsequent removal of oxygen-consuming substances, is essential. Through a series of comparisons of water quality indicators and analysis of organic characteristics, it was found that the oxygen consumption capacity of domestic sewage was higher than that of industrial wastewater in the selected area of this study, and the oxygen-consuming substances of domestic sewage were small molecular amino acids. By comparing 20 conventional free amino acids, it was found that seven of them consumed oxygen easily, and compared with chemical oxygen consumption, biological oxygen consumption was in a leading position.

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