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Biogenic volatile organic compounds dominated the near-surface ozone generation in Sichuan Basin, China, during fall and wintertime

Yang Chen , Dasheng Huang , Qing Li , Yan Han , Shi-Yong Xia , Jiawei Zhou , Hanxiong Che , Keding Lu , Fumo Yang , Xin Long


Received February 14, 2023,Revised , Accepted April 02, 2023, Available online April 15, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 215-224

The complex air pollution driven by both Ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) significantly influences the air quality in the Sichuan Basin (SCB). Understanding the O3 formation during autumn and winter is necessary to understand the atmospheric oxidative capacity. Therefore, continuous in-site field observations were carried out during the late summer, early autumn and winter of 2020 in a rural area of Chongqing. The total volatile organic compounds (VOCs) concentration reported by a Proton-Transfer-Reaction Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (PTR-ToF-MS) were 13.66 ± 9.75 ppb, 5.50 ± 2.64 ppb, and 9.41 ± 5.11 ppb in late summer, early autumn and winter, respectively. The anthropogenic VOCs (AVOCs) and biogenic VOCs (BVOCs) were 8.48 ± 7.92 ppb and 5.18 ± 2.99 ppb in late summer, 3.31 ± 1.89 ppb and 2.19 ± 0.93 ppb in autumn, and 6.22 ± 3.99 ppb and 3.20 ± 1.27 ppb in winter. A zero-dimensional atmospheric box model was employed to investigate the sensitivity of O3-precursors by relative incremental reactivity (RIR). The RIR values of AVOCs, BVOCs, carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) were 0.31, 0.71, 0.09, and -0.36 for late summer, 0.24, 0.59, 0.22, and -0.38 for early autumn, and 0.30, 0.64, 0.33 and -0.70 for winter, and the results showed that the O3 formation of sampling area was in the VOC-limited region, and O3 was most sensitive to BVOCs (with highest RIR values, > 0.6). This study can be helpful in understanding O3 formation and interpreting the secondary formation of aerosols in the winter.

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