Recent Published Articles

Recycling of waste aluminum scraps to fabricate sulfidated zero-valent iron-aluminum particles for enhanced chromate removal

Feng Jiang , Yahui Zhang , Liguo Zhang , Jiajia Zeng , Shuqun Xu , Jianyu Pan , Wenzhuo Huang , Jianliang Sun


Received February 28, 2023,Revised , Accepted April 23, 2023, Available online May 05, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 650-659

Massive waste aluminum scraps produced from the spent aluminum products have high electron capacity and can be recycled as an attractive alternative to materials based on zero-valent iron (Fe0) for the removal of oxidative contaminants from wastewater. This study thus proposed an approach to fabricate micron-sized sulfidated zero-valent iron-aluminum particles (S-Al0@Fe0) with high reactivity, electron selectivity and capacity using recycled waste aluminum scraps. S-Al0@Fe0 with a three-layer structure contained zero-valent aluminum (Al0) core, Fe0 middle layer and iron sulfide (FeS) shell. The rates of chromate (Cr(VI)) removal by S-Al0@Fe0 at pH 5.0‒9.0 were 1.6‒5.9 times greater than that by sulfidated zero-valent iron (S-Fe0). The Cr(VI) removal capacity of S-Al0@Fe0 was 8.2-, 11.3- and 46.9-fold greater than those of S-Fe0, zero-valent iron-aluminum (Al0-Fe0) and Fe0, respectively. The chemical cost of S-Al0@Fe0 for the equivalent Cr(VI) removal was 78.5% lower than that of S-Fe0. Negligible release of soluble aluminum during the Cr(VI) removal was observed. The significant enhancement in the reactivity and capacity of S-Al0@Fe0 was partially ascribed to the higher reactivity and electron density of the Al0 core than Fe0. More importantly, S-Al0@Fe0 served as an electric cell to harness the persistent and selective electron transfer from the Al0-Fe0 core to Cr(VI) at the surface via coupling Fe0-Fe2+-Fe3+ redox cycles, resulting in a higher electron utilization efficiency. Therefore, S-Al0@Fe0 fabricated using recycled waste aluminum scraps can be a cost-effective and environmentally-friendly alternative to S-Fe0 for the enhanced removal of oxidative contaminants in industrial wastewater.

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