Recent Published Articles

Variations of sediment organic phosphorus and organic carbon during the outbreak and decline of algal blooms in Lake Taihu, China


Yingge Bai , Jiehua Wang , Xiuling Bai , Wenchao Li , Pingping Zhang , Mengdi Zhang , Haoran Wang

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2023.04.033

Received February 19, 2023,Revised , Accepted April 29, 2023, Available online May 05, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 34-45

In this study, sediment organic phosphorus (OP) and organic carbon (OC) in Lake Taihu, China, as well as their relationships, were analyzed during the outbreak and decline of algal blooms (ABs) over a five-month field study. The results showed synchronous temporal changes in the sediment OP and OC contents with the development of ABs. In addition, there was a significant positive correlation between the sediment OP and OC (p < 0.01), suggesting simultaneous deposition and consumption during the ABs outbreak. The sediment OP and OC contents decreased significantly at the early and last stages of the ABs outbreak and increased at the peak of the ABs outbreak and during the ABs decline. These temporal variation patterns suggest that the sediment OC and OP contents did not consistently increase during the ABs outbreak, even though algae are an important source of organic matter in sediments. The depletion or enrichment of OC and OP in sediments may also depend on the scale of the ABs outbreak. The obtained results revealed significant differences in the sediment OC and OP contents between the months (p < 0.05). In addition, OP in the sediments was dominated by orthophosphate diester (phospholipids and DNA-P) and orthophosphate monoester during the ABs outbreak and decline, respectively. The active OC contents and proportions in the sediments in the ABs outbreak were significantly lower than those observed in the ABs decline period, demonstrating the significant impacts of the ABs outbreak and decline on the sediment OC and OP in Lake Taihu.

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