Recent Published Articles

Oxidative dissolution of Cr(OH)3 and mixed Fe-Cr(III) phases by aqueous Mn(III)-pyrophosphate complex


Vasileios Anagnostopoulos , Mismel Ruiz-Garcia , Jordan Stanberry , Giovanna Ballerini Ribeiro

DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2023.05.015

Received January 20, 2023,Revised , Accepted May 12, 2023, Available online May 20, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 105-113

The key role of manganese (Mn) in the biogeochemical cycle of trace elements has been of great interest in recent years. Nevertheless, the redox properties of aqueous Mn(III) have been studied to a lesser extent. Mn(III) is not stable in solution by itself. However, when complexed with inorganic ligands, it has shown potential to oxidize and reduce trace elements. In the present study, we are exploring the redox characteristics of the complex Mn(III)-Pyrophosphate (Mn(III)-PP). This complex is stable over a wide range of pH values but requires the ratio of Mn:PP to be less than 1:6. Specifically, the redox reaction of chromium (Cr(III)) and Mn(III)-PP is investigated. A solid, Cr(OH)3, is used as a source of Cr(III).  For this reaction, environmentally relevant parameters, such as pH, ionic strength, ratio Mn(III)/Cr(III), and excess of ligand, were assessed. Results showed that Mn(III) can effectively oxidize Cr(III) to Cr(VI), taking about 15 days for the reaction to complete. This reaction occurs only under acidic conditions (pH 4), and with a low excess of Pyrophosphate. The initial Mn(III) concentration decreases as the Cr(VI) is produced, and Cr(VI) can be adsorbed back into the Cr(OH)3 surface, limiting the mobility of this toxic species. Despite this adsorption, significant amounts of Cr(VI) are release in the aqueous phase. This study shows the importance of a mobile species (Mn-PP complex) in the oxidation of Cr(III) and the release of Cr(VI) to the environment.

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