Recent Published Articles

Superhydrophobic magnetic Fe3O4 polyurethane sponges for oil–water separation and oil-spill recovery

Jingfu Liu , Shiyu Wu , Yunjie Xiang , Yaqi Cai


Received April 28, 2023,Revised , Accepted May 15, 2023, Available online May 25, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 160-169

The effective and affordable separation of oil and water, a crucial process in the safe handling of environmental disasters such as crude oil spills and recovery of valuable resources, is a highly sought-after yet challenging task. Herein, superhydrophobic PU sponge was fabricated for the fast and cost-effective adsorptive separation of oil and different organic solvents from water. Octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)-functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 core–shell microspheres were dip-coated on the surface of porous materials via a dip-coating process, thereby endowing them with superhydrophobicity. Owing to the hydrophobic interaction between OTS molecules and oil and increased capillary force in the micropores, the resulting superhydrophobic sponge served as a selective oil-sorbent scaffold for absorbing oil from oil–water mixtures, including oil–water suspensions and emulsions. Remarkably, after the recovery of the adsorbed oil via mechanical extrusion, these superhydrophobic materials could be reused multiple times and maintain their oil–water separation efficacy even after 10 oil–water separation cycles.

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