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Ultrathin organic solvent nanofiltration membrane with polydopamine-HKUST-1 interlayer for organic solvent separation

Duokun Li , Haike Li , Xindong Li , Guozai Ouyang , Lijinhong Huang , Lang Li , Wenhao Li , Wanfu Huang


Received November 21, 2022,Revised , Accepted May 18, 2023, Available online June 03, 2023

Volume 36,2024,Pages 182-193

Polydopamine (PDA) and metal-organic skeleton HKUST-1 were co-deposited on the base membrane of hexamethylenediamine (HDA)-crosslinked polyetherimide (PEI) ultrafiltration membrane as the interlayer, and high-throughput organic solvent nanofiltration membrane (OSN) was prepared by interfacial polymerization and solvent activation reaction. The polyamide (PA) layer surface roughness from 28.4 nm in PA/PEI to 78.3 nm in PA/PDA-HKUST-10.6/PEI membrane, reduced the thickness of the separation layer from 79 to 14 nm, and significantly improved the hydrophilic, thermal and mechanical properties. The flux of the PA/PDA-HKUST-10.6/PEI membrane in a 0.1 g/L Congo red (CR) ethanol solution at 0.6 MPa test pressure reached 21.8 L/(m2·hr) and the rejection of CR was 92.8%. Solvent adsorption test, N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) immersion experiment, and long-term operation test in ethanol showed that the membranes had high solvent tolerance. The solvent flux test demonstrated that, under the test pressure of 0.6 MPa, the flux of different solvents ranked as follows: methanol (56.9 L/(m2·hr)) > DMF (39.6 L/(m2·hr)) > ethanol (31.2 L/(m2·hr)) > IPA (4.5 L/(m2·hr)) > N-hexane (1.9 L/(m2·hr)). The ability of the membranes to retain dyes in IPA/water dyes solution was also evaluated. The flux of the membrane was 30.4 L/(m2·hr) and the rejection of CR was 91.6% when the IPA concentration reached 50%. This OSN membrane-making strategy is economical, environment-friendly and efficient, and has a great application prospect in organic solvent separation systems.

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