Recent Published Articles
Tetrabromobisphenol A exerts thyroid disrupting effects but has little overt impact on postnatal brain development and neurobehaviors in mice
Received June 09, 2023,Revised , Accepted October 24, 2023, Available online October 31, 2023
Volume 36,2024,Pages 1-10
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a widely used brominated flame retardant. There is evidence showing that TBBPA can exert thyroid disrupting effects in mammals, but different results were also reported, along with inconsistent reports regarding its neurotoxicity. Here, we investigated thyroid disrupting effects and neurotoxicity of TBBPA (5, 50, 500 µg/(kg·day)) to male mice following maternal and direct exposure through drinking water, with the anti-thyroid drug propylthiouracil (PTU) as the positive control. On postnatal day (PND) 15, we expectedly observed severe thyroid compensatory hyperplasia and cerebellar developmental retardation in PTU-treated pups. The highest dose of TBBPA also caused thyroid histological alteration but had no effects on cerebellar development in terms of Purkinje cell morphology and the thickness of the internal granular layer and the molecular layer of the cerebellum. During puberty and adulthood, the thyroid morphological alterations became more pronounced in the TBBPA-treated animals, accompanied by decreased serum thyroid hormone levels. Furthermore, the 50 and 500 µg/(kg·day) TBBPA groups showed a significant decrease in the serum level of serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with anxiety behaviors. Correspondingly, the highest dose group displayed anxiety-like behaviors in the elevated plus-maze test on PND 35, but this neurobehavioral alteration disappeared on PND 56. Moreover, no changes in neurobehavioral parameters tested were found in TBBPA-treated animals at puberty and adulthood. Altogether, all observations show that TBBPA can exert thyroid disrupting effects but has little overt impact on brain development and neurobehaviors in mice, suggesting that thyroid disruption does not necessarily cause overtly adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes.
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